Robert Lowndes' rent book

Winslow History collection

Green cover of rent bookThe front cover of the book is shown on the right. The main part consists of numbered pairs of pages for each tenant, with the debit on the left and credit on the right (the credit is shown below the debit in each case below). The format is the same as William Lowndes' accounts, 1699-1702. The period covered is 1716 (including arrears brought forward) to 1721. The handwriting appears to be the same as that of the 1699-1702 accounts, i.e. William Lowndes' own.

The gross income from Robert Lowndes' rents at the time was £437, but that was before deduction of taxes, so the net income was over 10% smaller. It would have risen by about 50% after his father left him more property in Winslow in 1724. There were at least 26 separate tenancies in William's 1699-1702 accounts, so some consolidation of holdings had taken place since then. William Evans, Thomas Grant and Richard Cox all now had large holdings, and Simon Hogson's had more than doubled.

Some extra notes were added in 1729-30. They must have been written by Richard Lowndes or someone on his behalf. Most of the book was left blank.

Some drawings of dogs seem to have been added much later (see foot of page).

The book's history is not known. It was acquired at auction with some unrelated documents.


1
Rich(ar)d Cox D(ebitu)r
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1714
34
14
7
To y(ea)rs Rent due at L(ady) day 1715
17
7
3
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at Lady day 1716
34
14
7
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at L day 1717
34
14
7
To y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1717
[blank]
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1718
34
14
7
C(reditu)r
By p(ai)d 10 Jan(ua)ry 1714/5 in Money and Taxes
34
14
7
By p(ai)d in Money & Taxes at sev(era)ll times
17
7
3
4 Oct(ob)er 1716 
By p(ai)d in Money & Taxes at sev(era)ll times
34
14
7
6 Sep(tembe)r 1717
By p(ai)d in Money & Taxes
34
14
7
4 June 1718
P(ai)d in Money & Taxes
17
7
3
2 Jan(uar)y 1718 
P(ai)d in Money & Taxes being allow'd till L Day last
34
14
7
There were several people called Richard Cox; this one was probably born in 1686 and died in 1752.
2
Mathew Deely D(ebitu)r
li
s
d
To Ballance in the preceding book fo. 9
nil
To 4 years Rent due at Mich(aelma)s 1715 for the House & Land late Woottons
20
0
0
 
Cred(itu)r
By one Bill of Repairs w(hi)ch began 4 Ap 1713 and ended on 30 7ber 1714
6
7
9
}
By another Bill of Rep(ai)rs begun 11th Oct(obe)r 1714 and end 19 March following
4
8
6
}
13
0
4
By another Bill begun 5 May 1715 and end 9th Nov(embe)r 1715
2
0
3
}
By a Bill for work at Wm Caps a(nn)o 1713
0
3
10
}
Allow'd & Acquitd for Taxes p(ai)d viz
L(and) Tax
1
12
3
}
House Money
0
7
0
}
Constables Rates
0
1
4
}
2
1
3
Highways
0
0
8
}
Allow'd for the time during w(hi)ch the House stood empty
2
10
0
Ball(an)ce p(ai)d Mr R.L. this first of Dec(embe)r 1715
2
8
4
         
------------------
Matthew Deely [signature]
20
0
0
William Lowndes bought a house and 3 acres in Sheep Street from Richard Wootton (Wooten) in 1694. Matthew Deeley (d.1760) still held 3 acres in c.1743. He was a mason and belonged to a family of brickmakers, which explains why Robert Lowndes was paying him for repairs.
3
Mrs Sara Giles D(ebitu)r
li
s
d
To 4 years & half rent for Berry leys due at Mich(aelm)as 1715
18
0
0
To mony paid her this day for ballance
5
15
2
 
------------------
     
23
15
2
I allow this Acco(un)t and have this first of Decembr 1715 rec(eiv)ed of Mr Robert Lowndes by the hands of his Father the Sum of five pounds fifteen shill(ing)s two pence half penny in full of this ballance & all demands to this day.
Sarah Gyles [signature]
Witnesse John Wilkinson [signature]
Cred(itu)r
By land tax at 16sh p(er) an(num) for the years 1711 and 1712
1
12
0
By land tax at 8sh p(er) ann(um) for the years 1713 & 1714 and for half year end(ed) at Mich(aelma)s 1715
1
0
0
Constables rates for 4& years to Mich(aelma)s 1715
0
4
6
By the bill of her & her daughter for goods delivered and mony lent begin(n)ing 12 Aug 1712 and end 30 June 1715
20
18
8
 
------------------
     
23
15
2
Sarah Gyles was daughter-in-law William Gyles sr who paid £4 for Berry Leys in 1700 (and also rented some other land). She and her daughter Grace ran the family's draper's shop.
4
Tho(ma)s Grant D(ebitu)r
li
s
d
To 1 y(ea)r Rent due at L(ady) day 1716
48
0
0
To 1 y(ea)r Rent due at L(ady) day 1717
48
0
0
To y(ea)r Rent due at L day Mich(aelma)s 1717
24
0
0
Cred(itu)r
li
s
d
11 Apr(i)l 1716
By accounts settled between us this Day: there remains due from Grant to RL. 30li : 7sh : 6 to make up his Rent to L(ad)y day 1716
30
7
6
20 Aug(u)st 1716
Thos Grant hath p(ai)d RL. Since the last reckoning
25
0
0
17 Jun(e) 1717
Received of Thomas Grant at sev(era)ll times since 11 Apr(i)l 1716
69
9
6
8 Sep(tembe)r 1718
Rec(eiv)ed of Tho(ma)s Grant at sev(era)ll times 24 pounds
24
0
0
This could refer to Thomas Miller of Shipton (d.1755).
5
Mathew Deely D(ebitu)r
To y(ea)rs Rent due 171 Mich(aelm)as 1716
[blank]
Cred(itu)r
1 Oct(obe)r 1716 
P(ai)d in Money and Work
5
0
0
6
Robert Gibs D(ebitu)r
li
s
d
To of his Ballance of his acc(oun)t made up 28th Aug(u)st to be paid vizt
To Mrs Lowndes
To R. Lowndes


37
66


5
10


0
7
 
103
15
7
To a years Rent due Lady Day 1715
187
0
0
To the like at Lady Day 1716
187
0
0
To half a years Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1716
93
10
0
 
467
10
0
         
------------------
 
571
5
7
I allow this acco(un)t 8th Oct(obe)r 1716
Rob(er)t Gibbs [signature]
Cred(itu)r
By Money paid R Lowndes at sev(era)ll times between the 4th June 1714 and this 9th October 1716 as p(er) his Receipts
173
5
7
By Money p(ai)d Mrs Lowndes or her order at sev(era)ll times between 19 Aug(us)t 1714 & this 8th October 1716 at 10li per Month for 25 Months (The last paym(en)t being for Sept(embe)r 1716)
250
0
0
 
423
5
7½
By Land Tax for 1714 at 2sh
11
19
5
By Ditto for 1715
11
19
5
By half years Land Tax due at Mich(aelma)s 1716 at 4sh p(er) Libra
11
19
5
 
35
18
3
By Copyhold Rents for two year and due at Mich(aelma)s 1716 at 8li 1sh 1d p(er) ann(u)m
 
20
2
8½
P(ai)d Roger West for Constables Levy for 1713 and 1714
1
11
10
P(ai)d Ditto for Constables Rate for 1715
0
15
10
 
P(ai)d Stephen Big for Constables Levy due at Lady Day 1716
3
19
4
 
6
7
1
For 60 Dozen of Straw for thatching ye Barn
1
9
0
for a new Door
0
5
6
 
1
14
6
By allowance ex gra(tia) for 2 years and half at 8li p(er) ann(um
 
20
0
0
By Ballance due to R.L. by 8th Oct(obe)r 1716
 
63
17
5
         
------------------
 
571
5
7
Robert Gibbs rented the manor and rectory, and acted as bailiff. Under his previous agreement with William Lowndes he paid £220 (and £4 10s for some land), so he had apparently renegotiated under slightly more favourable terms (£187 p.a.).
7
Tho(ma)s Foster & W(illia)m Firth
L
S
D
To 2 y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1716
10
0
0
To 2 y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1718
10
0
0
To 2 y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1720
10
0
0
  Cr(editur)
L
S
D
By Taxes
1
0
0
6th Oct(ob)er 1716
By Money
8
19
11
 
10
0
0
19 March 1718/9 
Rec(eiv)ed in money and Taxes      
10
0
0
28 Jan(ua)ry 1720/1
Rec(eiv)ed of them in money and Taxes
10
0
0
Foster & Firth were paying the same rent as in 1700. Their holding in c.1743 was 13 acres (by which time it was Foster's son). There was probably a house too.
8
Robert Gibbs D(ebitu)r
To ball(an)ce 8th Oct(obe)r 1716
63
17
5
To y(ea)rs Rent due at L(ady) Day 1717
93
10
0
 
---------------
     
157
7
5
C(reditu)r
23 Aug(us)t 1717
By Robt Wyat p(ai)d him Dec. 1716
20
0
0
By R. Lowndes p(ai)d him at sev(era)ll times before 12 Aug(u)st 1717
11
12
0
By Mrs Lowndes p(ai)d her for 10 Months ending twenty \Aug(u)st/ 24 1717 at 10li p(er) month
100
0
0
By half a years Land Tax due Lady Day 1717 at 4sh p(er) Libr.
11
19
5
By Copyhold Rents for half a year due then
4
0
6
By allowance ex gra(tia) for the same half year
4
0
0
By Ball(an)ce due to R Lowndes this 23 Aug(us)t 1717
5
15
5
   
---------------
     
Rob(er)t Gibbs [signature]
157
7
5
9
Sim(o)n Hogson D(ebitu)r
To Rent due at Lady Day 1717
55
18
6
To Rent due at L(ady) day 1718
55
18
6
To y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelma)s1716
27
19
3
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1719
55
18
6
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1720
55
18
6
C(reditu)r
L
s
d
26 Dec 1717
I have this \day/ reckon'd with Sim(o)n Hogson and remaind remains due to me at Lady Day 1717
4
8
2
21 Aug(u)st 1718
I have this Day reckon'd with Sim(o)n Hogson and due find there remains due to me at Lady Day last twenty three pounds three shill(in)gs and three pence Taxes allow'd till then
23
3
3
14 May 1719
I have this Day reckon'd with Sim(o)n Hogson who has clear'd his Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1718 vizt 55:18:6. Taxes allow'd to Lady last
55
18
6
10 May 1720
Rec(eiv)ed of Sim(o)n Hogson in Money and Taxes for Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1719
55
18
6
28 Ap(ri)l 1721
Rec(eiv)ed of Sim(o)n Hogson for Rent due Mich(aelm)as 1721 Taxes allow'd him
55
18
6
This seems to correspond to what Simon Hogson (1653-1736) was paying in 1703: £24 p.a. for 60 acres "late Spooners" (at the time held jointly with Henry Townsend) + £25 18s 6d for "his former hold" (presumably meaning what he previously farmed) + £6 for "land lately held per Tho Robson".
10
Robert Gibbs D(ebitu)r
l
s
d
To Balla(nce) 23 Aug(u)st 1717
5
15
5
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at L(ady) Day 1718
187
0
0
 
-----------------
     
192
15
5
C(reditu)r
By R. L. p(ai)d him at sev(era)ll times before 28 Aug(u)st 1718
29
14
8
By Mrs Lowndes p(ai)d her 12 Months ending 24 Aug(u)st 1718 at 10li p(er) month
120
0
0
By a years Land Tax due Lady Day 1718 at 3sh p(er) Libr.
17
7
0
By Copyhold Rents for a y(ea)r due then
8
1
1
By Constables Rate p(ai)d 14 7br 1717
1
19
7
By allowance ex gra(tia)
8
0
0
By Ball(an)ce due to RL this 12 7br 1718
7
13
0
   
---------------
     
Rob(er)t Gibbs [signature]
192
15
5
[11]
Wm Perkins D(ebitu)r
To five y(ea)rs Rent due at L(ady) Day 1718 at 25li 10sh p(er)annum
127
10
0
C(reditu)r
l
s
d
2 Jan(ua)ry 1718/9
By Money p(ai)d now and by his former accounts it appears he has p(ai)d his full Rent to Lady day last being
127
10
0
Perkins was paying £53 10s in 1699/1700 so his holding had been reduced. He only held 1½ acres in c.1743.
[12]
Wm Evans D(ebitu)r
To y(ea)rs Rent due at L(ady) Day 1719
29
0
0
To y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelma)s 1719
[blank]
To 1 y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelma)s 1720
58
0
0
To y(ea)rs Rent due at L(ady) Day 1721
29
0
0
C(reditu)r
11 Ap(ri)l 1719
Rec(eiv)'d of Wm Evans in money and Taxes being allow'd till then
29
0
0
1 Oct(obe)r 1719 
Rec(eiv)ed in money and Taxes
29
0
0
10 Nov(embe)r 1720
Rec(eiv)ed in money and Taxes
58
0
0
8 June 1721
Rec(eiv)ed in money and Taxes at sev(era)ll times
29
0
0
This is probably the William Evans who was buried in 1741. He seems to have lived in Shipton.
[13]
Henry Townsend D(ebitu)r
To a y(ea)rs Rent due at Mich(aelm)as 1720
3
16
0
C(reditu)r
By p(ai)d in money and Taxes the 25 of Ap(ri)l 1720
3
16
0
In 1701-3 Henry Townsend (probably the man of that name who died in 1723) paid £3 16s p.a. for 8 acres at Berry Land
[14]
Dan(ie)ll Kirby D(ebitu)r
To 1½ \y(ea)rs/ Rent at Lady day 1719
15
0
0
C(reditu)r
3 June 1719
p(ai)d in Money and Taxes being allow'd
15
0
0
In 1702 and 1703 Daniel Kirby was paying £10 p.a. for a house and close and 8½ acres. He was buried in 1733.
[15]
Simon Hogson
12 Dec(embe)r 1721
I have this Day reckon'd with Simo(n) Hogson who hath made to L Day last
R Lowndes [signature]
[16]
Mich(aelm)as Rents 1728
May 5th 1729
Rec(eive)d of the Widow Capp
26
10
0
in Money
22
19
1
in Bills
3
10
10
   
--------------
     
in all
26
10
0
William Capp was buried on 28 March 1729 so this was presumably his widow. He is mentioned as tenant of a property repaired by Matthew Deely in 1713 (see above). She must have been his second wife as his first wife Ann, nee Lambert, died in 1717.
D(itt)o Wm Elliott
5
15
0
Money
5
5
3
Land Tax
0
9
9
   
--------------
     
in all
5
15
0
William Elliott of Shipton (1684-1737) sold 16½ acres to William Lowndes in 1715 which he continued to farm as a tenant. The rent was for half a year (see Lowndes real estate 1722).
May 27th
D(itt)o of John Henley
14
2
9
Land Tax
0
19
8
Money
13
3
1
   
--------------
     
in all
14
2
9
D(itt)o also John Henley
19
8
0
by Land Tax
2
0
8
Rate to highway
0
1
8
In Money
17
5
7
   
--------------
     
19
8
0
The first sum is half a year's rent for what John Henley held from William Lowndes in 1722. People called John Henley were buried in 1737 and 1741.
May ye 11th
L
S
D
Rec(eiv)ed then half Years Rent of Wm Perkins
Land Tax & highway
1
8
0
Money
12
7
0
D(itt)o Wm Firth
1
5
0
June 3rd 1729
Rec(eiv)ed a Years Rent of Thos Edlin by Allowing the Land Tax
15
10
0
All Bills & Repaires, when he Overpaid 2-8-10
Thomas Edlin married Sarah Norman in 1723 and was buried in 1732.
l
s
d
[17]
Due from Thos Spratley on the Ballance for the rent of his Land 3 June 1729 due for 2 y(ea)rs & rent of his house he lives in &c. att Lady day 1729
4
12
2
               
128 Recd of Wm Shelton            
  by allowance Constable Rate
0
2
0
     
  Repairs
0
2
0
     
  Land & Window Tax
0
19
6
     
  Money
7
6
4
     
   
------------
     
  being a Years Rent due at Lady Day last
8
10
10
     
               
Additions at front of book
  Mrs Lowndes dr to Mr Hobbs
13
1
11
     
  Recd in rent
4
9
6
     
   
-------------
     
  Pd to Mr Hobbs [?Matthew Hobbs, apothecary]
8
11
5
     
   
     
   
l
s
d
     
  Pd to Jn Thompson
4
11
11
     
  D(itt)o to Mr Hobbs
8
11
5
     
  To Mr Turner [?Joseph Turner, surgeon]
11
11
7
     
  Robert Shelton
0
18
8
     
   
     
  July ye 29th 1730
     
  Reckon'd then with Joseph Ray & paid him all his bills then due & wages due to the 7th of Sept(embe)r following w(hi)ch I do acknowledge
  [signature] Jos: Ray
     
   
     

Drawings of dogsNote on page after Thomas Spratley in a different hand:
Killed a cat the 10th March
Ditto the 11th and 12th

Below the "Mrs Lowndes dr" entry the drawings on the right were added, with a signature which appears to be W.S. Lowndes, i.e. much later than the rest of the content.


See also:

Copyright 2 January, 2022