Poor relief

Overseers' accounts survive for 1679-1715: Centre for Bucks Studies PR 237/12/1. They were presented annually at a "public vestry" and signed by the vicar, churchwardens and others. They record the total sums collected and disbursed, although not normally details of who received poor relief. The table below gives the annual total of disbursements and the names of the overseers, who served for a year at a time and included members of the Baptist Gyles family. The years for the accounts were "old style", beginning on 25 March.

 
Disbursements
   
Year £ s d Overseers
1679/80 42 06 ? ? ?
1680/1 45 02 10 William Gyles William Hunt
1681/2 30 03 04 John Hogson John Watts
1682/3 38 07 11 Thomas Robinson John Amborough
1683/4 36 09 00 Joseph Glenister jr George Elliott
1684/5 41 08 03 Francis Dossett William Edmunds
1685/6 40 12 00 Robert Gibbs Robert Spooner jr
1686/7 39 16 02 Joseph Glenister sr Thomas Forster
1687/8 45 10 11 William Short Simon Hogson
1688/9 34 15 07 William Gyles sr John Seaton jr
1689/90 42 17 00 William Wyatt John Shelton, smith
1690/1 37 08 11 Thomas Blake Thomas Deely
1691/2 36 11 03 Joseph Gyles William Spooner
1692/3 45 06 11¾ John Henly sr Joseph Gyles
1693/4 46 03 01 John Amborough John Hearn
1694/5 64 11 06½ Henry Hughes Zachary Hamms
1695/6 62 05 02 Robert Gibbs Robert Elliott
1696/7 83 16 05 Joseph Glenister, grocer Roger West
1697/8 86 03 08 Simon Hogson Charles King jr
1698/9 94 00 00 William Townsend Thomas Wright
1699/1700 98 14 00¾ Thomas Wainwright Thomas Guest
1700/1 130 12 07 John Seaton, carrier Robert Wyatt
1701/2 115 12 07 William Shelton jr Richard Cox
1702/3 117 01 09 Thomas Blake (accounts presented by William Shelton) John Spratley
1703/4 95 15 10½ Robert Gibbs sr Peter Lowndes jr
1704/5 85 07 05 Peter Lowndes jr Thomas Henly
1705/6 80 03 10¼ Nicholas Merwin Daniel Gyles
1706/7 71 18 07½ Thomas Blake Matthew Hobbs, physician
1707/8 88 16 02½ Benjamin Dudley William Elliott
1708/9 99 18 03½ William Firth Roger West
1709/10 94 01 00 Peter Lowndes jr Robert Gibbs jr
1710/11 154 17 09½ Joseph Glenister sr William Perkins
1711/12 148 02 02¼ Thomas Watts Simon Hogson
1712/13 110 09 03¼ Robert Gibbs sr Charles Bowler
1713/14 130 02 06 Thomas Whiteaves John Henly
1714/15 155 04 00½ Robert Bowden Samuel Norman sr
1715/16 132 15 09½ Augustine Seaton Richard Gibbs
1716/17       Philip Budd Henry Townsend jr

The overseers' accounts also include a number of distributions to the poor. Under the Burials in Woollen Act of 1678, only woollen garments could be used in which to bury the dead (this was to help the wool trade). Anyone who buried their relative in a more expensive material such as linen was liable to a fine of £5, half of which was distributed to the poor of the parish. The other half went to the informant, so most people informed on themselves. The overseers kept careful records for a few years, and these are important as they list people who didn't usually get into the other written records except the parish registers.

1680: [An account ]of the distribution made amongst the Poor [of Winslow] in the County of Bucks of fifty Shillings being [the pena]lty of the Act for Burying in wollen payd by [Benjam]in Leach

This was for the burial of his wife Elizabeth on 2 May 1680

s
d
   
s
d
[Pa]yd to Widdow Hogson and her Children
4
0
  [Payd] to Richard Reddall
1
6
[Pa]yd to Widdow Porter & her children
4
0
  [Payd] to Thomas Bendbowe
1
6
[P]ayd to Anne Webb
2
0
  [P]ayd to Widdow Green
1
0
Payd to Thomas Thommes & his family
2
0
  Payd to William Powers
1
0
[P]ayd to Nicholas Miller sen(ior)
3
0
  Payd to Henry Thoms
0
6
[P]ayd to William Miller
1
0
  [Pa]yd to Thomas Bigges
1
6
[P]ayd to Christopher Willins
1
0
  [Pa]yd to John Bowyers
1
6
Payd to Thomas Swift
1
6
  [P]ayd to Thomas White
1
6
Payd to Widdowe Paradine
2
0
  [P]ayd to Widdowe Branford
2
6
Payd to Widdow Moores
2
0
  [Payd] to William Browne
1
6
Payd to Ralph Porter sen(ior)
2
0
  [Payd to] Thomas Hawkins
1
0
[P]ayd to Will(ia)m Worstley
2
0
  Payd Richard Lutman
2
0
[P]ayd to Thomas Knight
2
0
  Payd to Henry Burrell
1
0
[Pa]yd to Francis Rogers
2
0
  Payd to Elizabeth Richardson
1
0
[Payd to] Thomas Spooner & his family
1
6
   

1684: Wid: Grant [= Susan Grant, buried 6 May]
May ye 13th 1684 An Account of Dystribucion made amongst the poor of Winslow in the County of Bucks of fifty shillings being the Penalty of the Act for Burying in woollen Paid by ye Churchwardens & Overseers of the poor

s
d
s
d
Paid Francis Rogers
0
6
  Paid William Lawson
1
0
Paid Widdow Smith
1
0
  Paid John Brinklow
0
6
Paid William Worsley
2
6
  Paid Widdow Branford
1
0
Paid Samuel Wilston
2
6
  Paid Widdow Paradine
0
6
Paid William Claydon
1
0
  Paid Richard Dearing
0
6
Paid William Miller
1
0
  Paid Widdow Worrall
1
0
Paid Widdow Mores
0
6
  Paid Ellin Engleden
1
0
Paid Thomas Smalbones
1
0
  Paid Robert Michel
1
0
Paid Ralph Noone
0
6
  Paid Richard Tring
0
6
Paid Thomas Tommes
0
6
  Paid An Deely
0
6
Paid Nicholas Miller S(e)n(io)r
1
0
  Paid Thomas Spooner
1
6
Paid Guddy [=Goodwife] Webb
1
0
  Paid Henry Tommes
0
6
Paid William Brown
1
0
  Paid Widdow Boyer
1
6
Paid Mary Porter
0
6
  [page 2]
Paid Widdow Hogson
1
6
  Paid Thomas Fowler
0
6
Paid Thomas Pease
1
6
  Paid Thomas Ridyard
0
6
Paid William Lovet
0
6
  Paid William East
1
0
Paid Widdow Wellins
0
6
  Paid Widdow Shelton S(e)n(io)r
1
0
Paid Thomas Prentice
0
6
  Paid Georg Cooper
1
0
Paid Widdow Greene
0
6
  Paid Widdow Bendbow J(u)n(io)r
1
0
Paid Richard Pitkin
0
6
  Paid Widdow Bendbow S(e)n(io)r
1
0
Paid Evan Griffithes
1
0
  Paid Widdow Norman
1
0
Paid William Power
0
6
  Paid William Dyer
1
0
Paid Thomas Benbow
1
0
  Paid Edward Elling
1
0
Paid Henry Tommes
0
6
  Paid William Greene
0
6
Paid Richard Reding
2
0
  Paid Widdow Allin
0
6
Paid Thomas Bigg
1
0
  Paid William Miles
0
6
Paid Richard Lutman
1
0
  Paid Thomas Knight
0
6
Paid William King
0
6
  Paid Thomas Swift
0
6
 
  Paid Joane Greene
0
6

1686: Wid. Willmat [= Frances Willmot, buried 27 March]
March ye 29th 1686. Accoun(nt)m(en)t of Distribution given amongst ye Poor of Winslow in ye County of Bucks of fifty shillings forfiture being ye Penalty of ye Act for burying in Woollen Distributed by ye Ch(urch) Wardens and Overseers of ye Poor

s
d
s
d
Widd: Smith
02
00
  Will: King
00
06
Willi: Worsley
01
00
  John Brinklow
02
06
Widd: Winston
02
00
  Widd: Branford
02
06
Willi: Claydon
00
06
  Widd: Paradine
02
00
Willi: Miller
01
06
  Widd: Dearin
01
00
Widd: Mores
01
00
  Widd: Worall
01
00
Tho: Smalbones
00
06
  Rob: Michell
01
00
Tho: Tom(m)es
01
06
  Tho: Spooner
01
06
Widd: Webb
01
00
  Henr: Tym(m)es
01
00
Widd: Hogson
01
06
  Widd: Boyer
01
00
Tho: Pease
01
00
  Tho: Fowler
00
06
Willi: Lovet
00
06
  Tho: Ridyard
01
06
Widd: Wellins
00
06
  William East
00
06
Tho: Prentise
01
00
  Georg: Cooper
00
06
Widd: Green
01
00
  Will: Greene
00
06
Rich: Pitkin
00
06
  Widd: Allin
02
00
Evan Griffiths
01
0?
  Will: Miles
00
06
Will: Power
01
0?
  Joane Greene
00
06
Tho: Bendbow
00
06
  Tho: Knight
00
06
Hen: Tom(m)es
00
06
  Mary Alinson
01
06
Rich: Redin
01
00
  Goodwife Broome
00
06
Widd: Bigg
01
06
  Rich: Tring
00
06
Rich: Lutman
01
00
  Joane Budd
01
06
        Widd: Norman
01
??

August the 26th 1687. An acco(un)t of Distribution made amongst ye poor of Winslow in ye Co(un)ty of Bucks of 50s being ye penalty of [the act] for burying in Woollen at ye funerall of Esther Henly by ye Ch(urch)w(arde)ns & overseers of ye poor of Winlow [sic] aforesaid

s
d
s
d
Wid: Smith
1
?
  Will: Greene
0
6
Will: Worstley
1
?
  David: East
0
4
Joan Budd
2
?
  Wid: Branford
0
6
Widd: Winston
1
?
  Wid: Paradine
0
6
Will: Claydon
0
?
  Widd: Dearin
0
6
Will: Miller
1
?
  Widd: Worall
0
6
Widd Mores
1
?
  Rob: Michel
1
6
Tho: Tom(m)es
1
?
  Tho: Spooner
0
6
Widd: Dandridg
0
6
  Hen: Tym(m)s
1
0
Widd: Hogson
0
8
  Widd: Boyer
1
6
Widd: Pease
1
4
  Tho: Fowler
0
6
Will: Lovett
0
4
  Tho: Ridyard
1
6
Widd: Wellins
0
4
  Will: East
0
6
Tho: Prentice
0
8
  Georg Cooper
0
4
Widd: Greene
0
8
  Wid: Allin
1
6
Rich: Pitkin
0
6
  Widd: Miles
0
6
Evan: Griffiths
1
0
  Joane Greene
0
4
Will: Power
0
8
  Tho: Knight
0
8
Tho: Bendbow
1
0
  Mary Alinson
1
0
Hen: Tom(m)es
0
8
  Good: Broom
0
6
Rich: Redin
0
8
  Rich: Tring
1
6
Widdow: Bigg
0
8
  Widd: Norman
1
6
Rich: Lutman
0
4
  Old: Savige
0
6
Will: King
0
4
  Tho: Georg
0
6
John: Brinklow
2
0
  [page 2]
Will: Fyrth
1
0
  Tho: Swift
1
6
Will: Rodes
0
8
  Widd: Baily
0
4
Will: Ashfield
0
6
  [blank]
0
6
Saml Walker
0
6
  [blank]
0
6
Wat: Harburt
0
6
  [blank]
0
6
An: Wyatt
0
8
  Tho: Bendbow
1
2
Francis Rodgers
0
4
   

March 23 1687/8. A Forfiture of 50 shillings distribu[ted to the] Poor of ye p(aris)h of Winslow by ye Min(ister), Ch[urch Wardens] Overseers &c. Levyd upon ye Execnu(tors?) of Wid. Miller of Shipton Buryd in Linen [=Dorothy Miller, buried 23 March]

s
d
s
d
Will(iam) Worstley
1
?
  Geo(rge) Cooper
0
4
Joan Budd
2
?
  Wid(ow) Branford
1
0
Wid(ow) Winston
1
?
  Wid(ow) Paradine
0
6
Will(iam) Claydon
0
?
  Wid(ow) Dearin
0
6
Will(iam) Miller
1
0
  Wid(ow) Worrall
0
6
Wid(ow) Mores
1
?
  Rob(ert) Michel
1
6
Tho(mas) Smalbones
1
?
  Wid(ow) Allin
1
6
Tho(mas) Thomes
0
?
  Hen(ry) Tyms
0
6
Wid(ow) Webb
0
4
  Wid(ow) Boyer
1
6
Wid(ow) Hogson
1
0
  Tho(mas) Ridyard
1
6
Wid(ow) Pease
1
0
  [page 2]
Will(iam) Lovet
0
4
  Will(iam) East
0
6
Tho(mas) Swift
1
0
  Will(iam) Green
0
8
Will(iam) Ashfield
1
0
  Wid(ow) Miles
0
6
Wid(ow) Broome
0
4
  Tho(mas) Knight
0
8
Tho(mas) Prentice
0
?
  Rich(ard) Tring
2
6
Wid(ow) Green
0
?
  Savidg
0
6
Rich(ard) Pitkin
0
6
  Redin
0
4
Evan Grifiths
1
0
  Spooner
0
6
Will(iam) Powers
0
8
  [blank]
0
6
Tho(mas) Bendbow
1
0
  Wid(ow) Baily
0
4
Henry Tom(m)es
0
6
  Rich(ard) Lutman
1
0
Wid(ow) Bigg
0
8
  Jam(e)s Allin
0
6
Tho(mas) Fowler
0
6
  Wid(ow) Norman
1
6
Joan Green
0
4
  [blank]
0
6
Wid(ow) Brinklow
1
0
  [blank]
0
4
Will(iam) Fyrth
1
0
  [blank]
0
6
Will(iam) Rodes
0
8
  Alce Wellins
0
4
Sam(uel) Walker
0
6
  Will(iam) Bural
0
4
Walt(er) Harbart
0
6
  Jo(hn) Tomes
0
4
An Wyett
0
6
  Fenamore
0
4
Fr(ancis) Rodgers
1
6
  [blank]
0
4

Sept(ember) 2th 1689. A forfiture of 50s distributed to ye Poor of ye P[arish of] Winslow in Com. Bucks by ye Min(ister) Ch(urch) Wardens & Ove[seers] of ye Poor being ye penalty of ye Act for burying in Woo[l] at ye Funrall of Edw. Boswell, &c. P(aid) as followeth

s
d
s
d
Wid: Boyer
01
00
  Wid: Paradine
00
06
Will: Worstly
01
00
  Wid: Deerin
00
06
Joane Budd
01
06
  Wid: Worall
01
00
Wid: Winston
01
06
  Rob: Michell
01
00
Will: Claydon
00
06
  Hen: Tyms
02
00
Will: Miller
01
00
  Tho: Ridyard
03
00
Wid: Mores
01
00
  Will: East
00
06
Tom(m)es
00
06
  Geor: Cooper
00
06
Wid: Dandridg
01
00
  Wid: Allin
01
00
Wid: Hogson
01
00
  [page 2]
Wid: Pease
01
00
  Wid: Miles
01
00
Tho: Prentice
01
06
  Tho: Knight
00
06
Wid: Greene
00
06
  Rich: Tring
01
00
Rich: Pitkin
00
06
  Jeffery Savidg
01
00
Evan: Griffiths
01
00
  Tho: Swift
00
06
Will: Power
01
00
  Wid: Baily
01
00
Tho: Bendbow
01
00
  Tho: Bendbow
01
00
Henry Tom(m)es
00
06
  Charity
02
06
Wid: Bigg
01
00
  Will: Fenamore
00
06
Rich: Lutman
00
06
  Daniel Hogson
01
00
Wid: Brinklow
01
00
  Tho: Fowler
00
06
Will: Fyrth sen.
00
06
  John Tomes
00
06
Will Rodes
00
06
  Susan Smalbones
01
06
Will: Ashfield
00
06
  Will: Burall
00
06
Mary Walker
02
06
  Redins Children
00
06
Ann Wyett
00
06
  David East
00
06
Fran: Rodgers
00
06
  Will: Lovet
00
06
Will: Greene
00
06
  Gibbs D noone
Wid: Branford
00
06
   

Two of the men in this list received pensions paid by the county as former Royalist soldiers in the Civil War.

Quarter Sessions, Epiphany 1697:
William Burrall of Winslowe, butcher, to be admitted to a County pension of £2 a year. He produced a certificate that he had served King Charles II "as a souldier commanded by his late Royall Highness Prince Rupert," the certificate being signed by Bernard Hagedot, "late Cornet of a Troop of Dragoons." This was increased by £1 later in 1697.

Easter 1697:
Geoffrey Savage of Winslow to be admitted to a County pension of £2 a year. He produced a certificate, signed by Captain Henry Brown of Stratford-upon-Avon, co. Warwick, "sometimes Gentleman of the horse to the late right honourable Spencer, Earle of Northampton, and afterwards to James, Earle of Northampton," that he had served King Charles I under the command of both these Earls, and was now eighty-six years of age.

If people in Winslow with copyhold property were thought liable to become a charge on the parish, the overseers sometimes took over their property as a precaution, as the following entries from the court rolls show:

Manor court 1713:
Daniel Gyles and John Shelton surrendered a cottage now in the occupation of John Shelton in Winslowe with yard, garden, backyards. To the use of Thomas Wright, John Henley and Thomas Whiteeaves on trust that from the premisses they "shall save harmlesse" the inhabitants of the parish of Winslowe from all costs which they expend on behalf of the said John Shelton, Ann Shelton his daughter and the infant with which Ann is now pregnant (and also such costs already spent), permitting Ann Shelton to occupy and enjoy the premisses during her life. After her decease and the payment of the costs, to the use of John Shelton and his heirs forever, provided that Thomas, John and Thomas reimburse themselves of all just costs which are expended concerning the trust.

Manor court 1724:
John Gibbs and Ann his wife, customary tenants, surrendered their reversion expectant on the death of John's father William Gibbs of a cottage in Tinkers End in Winslowe now in the occupation of William or his subtenants. To the use of William Shelton, Richard Gibbs and William Gibbs the churchwardens and Henry Stutsbury and William George the overseers of the poor of the parish of Winslowe and their successors. On condition that if John Gibbs or any "Child or Children" of his family will not at any time in future be chargeable to or receive relief from the inhabitants of the parish of Winslowe, then the surrender will be void. William Shelton et al. sought to be admitted. Rent [blank], fine [blank].


Frederic Morton Eden (The State of the Poor, 1797, III, cccliii) gives the poor rate for 1795 as £795 14s 3d, having been £601 13s 7d for the 3 years to 1785. Parochial expenditure was £801 16s 1½d. He also provides (II, 31) a list from Sep. 1795 of indigent persons who receive regular weekly pensions from the parish:

    Ages Weekly
Pensions
No. of persons     s. d.
1 A groom's widow; a lace-maker 48 1 0
1 A single woman 35 1 0
1 A labourer's widow 57 2 0
5 A saddler's wife, and four children: her husband deserted her 37 4 6
1 A whitesmith's widow 57 1 0
11 Eleven bastards, (at 1s. 6d. weekly each.) - 16 6
1 A labourer's widow 57 1 6
2 A labourer's widow and daughter; the former 70 3 0
1 A tanner, paralytic 60 5 0
1 A baker's widow, lame 60 2 6
1 A labourer's widow 65 1 6
1 A labourer's widow 75 2 6
1 A single woman, sick 30 0 6
1 A labourer's widow 60 2 0
2 A butcher and his wife; the former aged 70 5 0
1 A labourer's widow 80 2 6
1 A butcher's widow 58 2 0
1 A widow 80 1 6
6 A labourer's widow, and 5 children 40 6 0
1 A bricklayer's widow 56 1 6
1 An orphan boy - 1 6
1 A labourer's widow 70 2 0
1 A labourer's widow 55 1 6
1 A gardener's widow 80 1 6
1 A single woman 70 1 6
2 A shoemaker, and his wife; the former 60 3 0
2 A labourer's widow, and son; the former 70 2 6
1 A labourer's widow 70 2 0
1 A woman at Buckingham - 1 6
1 A blacksmith 65 1 6
1 A woman, bed-ridden 70 3 0
1 An orphan 20 1 0
----     ---------------------
55     £4 5s 6d
Besides these weekly pensioners, many receive occasional relief, whose names are not inserted in the regular list. During the late dear season, the Poor of the parish went in a body to the Justices to complain of their want of bread. The Magistrates sent orders to the parish-officers to raise the earnings of labourers, to certain weekly sums, according to the number of their children [= the Speenhamland system]; a circumstance that should invariably be attended to in apportioning parochial relief. These sums were from 7s. to 19s.; and were to be reduced, proportionably with the price of bread.

Charities

William Hardwick by his nuncupative will of 1611 "did give unto the poore people of Winslowe five poundes to remaine as a stocke for their benefitt  and to be imployed as the monie given by one John Burt is employed". Thomas Overing's will of 1622 explains this: "I stand charged as a Feeffee appointed by John Burt who did dwell in this p(ar)ish with five pounds w(hi)ch he gave to the poore of the p(ar)ish to remaine to them as a stocke so long as the world doth endure And to be lett forth for the best use for them that the profitt thereof may be distributed among them everie New yeares day after Evening praier by the Churchwardens and one of my Executors or Overseers of this my will And them or some of them to distribute the profitt thereof being x s to the said poore of the said p(ar)ish the next New Yeares day after my decease whensoever it shall happen. And the said five pounds being in my hands my will is that when my Executors doe pay the same to the Churchwardens or if they doe keepe it themselves to give Securitie for the same And that one of them everie yeare the next Sabbath day before New years Day doe declare it att morening praeis In whose hands the said money doth remaine And I Could wish that the Vicar or minister there everie year for the time being would sett downe in the Church booke in whose hands the said money doth remaine that both the stocke and the proffitt thereof may remaine forever and be bestowed according to the good intent and meaning of him that gave it"

John Chinnall by his will of 1619 gave "vli to remaine in the hands of the Churchwardens of Winslow successively as a stocke for the use of the poore in the same m(an)ner as that w(hi)ch was given by one William Hardwicke"

Joan Forde's will of 1644 established a charity, and her executor Thomas Wendover bought some land in 1648, whose income was to be distributed annually to the religious poor. After Enclosure, the land was replaced by what is now called Poor's Piece.

Thomas Bishop's will of 1692 left £30 to buy land from which an annual distribution would be made to the poor by the vicar and churchwardens.

At the manor court in 1714, John Henley and Richard Phipps, the surviving trustees, surrendered various copyhold properties in Winslow to 9 new trustees, the leading Anglicans in the town:

Mary Bigg's will of 1745 left 30s a year to be paid to six poor widowers or widows who were not receiving poor relief, but this must have died out as it is not mentioned by Arthur Clear or in the 1863 report by the Charity Commissioners.

The Enclosure Award of 1767 allocated to the poor 7a 3r 24p of land in place of the pieces of land listed above. This is what is now known as Poor's Piece. This was initially let to a farmer and the rent was distributed to the poor. There was a change of policy in 1839, in response to a petition from 100 poor men:
CBS, PR 237/8/1: At a vestry held by adjournment at the Vestry room at Church on Wednesday 9th of January 1839
Present: The Revd Thomas Henry Walpole, Vicar, Chairman
Mr Saml G Dudley, Mr John Cowley, DT Willis, Daniel Grace, John Dover, John Bull, George Mayne, Alfred Barton, Grant King, Thomas Lomath
4 It was agreed that all the persons who had claimed to participate in the occupation of the poors land as appears in the list prepared by Mr Abbott be permitted to do so.
Resolved that at the end of five years a fresh allotment of the land among the poor shall take place.
5 Resolved that all the male paupers be required (except in case of sickness or infirmity) to cultivate their own allotments if they neglect so to do, or any of them be convicted before a Magistrate for stealing from either of the other allotments, their portions to be forfeited and either let or allotted to other paupers by the parish officers


Article by Glenys Warlow on poor relief in Winslow and the history of the Workhouse: workhouse.pdf


Northampton Mercury, 7 Feb 1795

Some few days ago the Right Hon. Lord Eardley, in his return from Broughton-Castle, near Banbury, to Town, left a donation of Twenty Guineas with Mr. Burnham, of Winslow, to be distributed amongst the poor of the parishes of Winslow and Mursley, Bucks, which was on Monday last distributed accordingly in bread and money; a subscription has likewise been raised by the inhabitants of Winslow, amounting to 60 l. and upwards for alleviating the present distresses of the poor of the said parish, a donation of Five Guineas has also been sent from Mrs. Norman, of Henley-upon-Thames, to Mr. John Dudley, of Winslow, to be laid out in fuel, and distributed amongst the poor of that place.


Vestry minutes, 1863 (CBS, PR 237/8/1)

At a Vestry held in the Vestry room at Church on the 10th of April 1863
Present: Mr DT Willis  Chairman
Messrs James King, Wm Neal, J. Corkett, Henry Monk, R.W. Jones, T.P. Willis, George Cross, John Grace, Chas Mayne, J. Hathaway

It was proposed by Mr Monk and seconded by Mr T P Willis that the accounts of the Church wardens for the past year be allowed and passed.
The Reverend W.W. McCreight appointed Mr George Cross to be his Churchwarden for the ensuing year
It was proposed by Mr Monk and seconded by Mr R W Jones that Mr John Grace be re-elected churchwarden for the parish and resolved unanimously.
It was proposed by Mr Neal and seconded by Mr James King and Resolved unanimously that Messrs Willis be empowered to prepare a statement of the Charities, in the Parish of Winslow, for the Charities Commissioners, following viz Egerton’s Charity, The Poor’s Allotment, Packer’s Charity, The Church House and Bishop’s Charity and submit the same to the Vestry previously to its being sent to \the/ Charity Commissioners. 
Messrs Daniel Grace, John Brise and Samuel William French tendered for the appointment of Collector of Rates for the Parish.
It was proposed by Mr Monk and seconded by Mr Cross that Mr Daniel Grace be recommended as a proper person for the office of the Collector of Rates. The other candidates not having been put in nomination, the proposition was declared carried.
[signed] D.T. Willis, Chairman


At a vestry held in the Vestry room of the Church pursuant to public Notice for that purpose given on Thursday the 30th day of April 1863

Present
Mr George Maydon        Chairman
Messrs D.T. Willis, Henry Monk, Jas King, Charles Mayne, Wm Neal, John Grace, Danl Grace, & T.R. Brown

Resolved that an Application be signed and transmitted to the Charity Commissioners, for an order of the Board, giving suitable directions by way of a scheme, for the future regulation and management of the undermentioned charities and appointing trustees thereof viz :

Bishopp’s Charity – An allotment of 1a 1r 35p of Land adjoining Poor’s Allotment & received in exchange for a close at Shipton formerly called Robinson’s or Poor’s Close.

Ford’s Charity - An allotment containing 7a 3r 24p

Packer’s Charity - £100 Reduced £3 per cent anns

Church Houses & Land - Two Houses in Market Square & two allotments of 1r 3p & 1r 23p allotted and received in exchange for the Church Headland & Buildings thereto belonging in Old Mill Fields in the Parish of Winslow.

The above statement of the Charities of this parish having been submitted to the Ratepayers in Vestry was approved and the application signed accordingly by all present.
                                                                                [signed] George Maydon, Chairman


Charity Commission Report, 1863

Following the Vestry decision above, an application to reorganise various charities in Winslow was made in 1863 by George Maydon, Daniel Grace, Henry Monk, John Grace, Charles Mayne, James King, William Neal and Thomas Rayner Brown. The Charity Commission produced two schedules, one outlining the existing positions of the charities and the other recommending a scheme for future management. Click on the image for the whole document:

Heading of the Charity Commission report


At a vestry held in the Vestry Room of the Church pursuant to public Notice for that purpose given on Friday the 22nd day of May1863
Present: Mr George Cross Chairman
Messrs Geo: Mayne, Geo: Maydon, Wm Neal, D.T. Willis, Jno: Grace, T.P. Willis, and Henry Monk

The draft scheme received from the Charity Commissioners for the management of the following Charities belonging to this Parish viz. – Thomas Bishopp Charity, Joan Forde Charity otherwise The Poor’s Allotment, William Packers Charity, and The Church Houses was produced read and considered and it was resolved to submit the following alterations to the Charity Commissioners.

The following Gentlemen were nominated to be the four Trustees : -
Edward Selby Lowndes Esq
Mr William Neal
  “    Henry Monk
 “     Thomas Price Willis

It was resolved that the Scheme when approved by the Charity Commissioners should be deposited at the offices of Messrs Willis & Willis for inspection in the usual way. –

                                                                                                Chairman


Arthur Clear: A Thousand Years of Winslow Life (1888)

pp.10-11 on benefactions and charities

Benefactions. - In all ages men have shown a desire to create for themselves some memorial, or to perform some meritorious act, whereby their names might be handed down to posterity and their memories so kept from utter oblivion. Various have been the methods by which they have striven to accomplish this object, a favourite mode being that of a charitable bequest to the poor. Generally this has been done with a pure motive, in others it has only been an effort to obtain a place in the list of benefactors of their native town at a very cheap rate, as an instance of the latter we may call attention to the bequest, now lost, of William Hardwicke of Winslow, who died in 1612.

"Memorandum.  - One William Hardwicke at the time of his death, bequeathed ye summe of five pounds in such manner that the Churchwardens yearly for the time being, would see the same put forth to the best use, and the interest thereof to be distributed yearly among the poor of this parish. And the said summe of five pounds was delivered by the executors of the said William Hardwicke, into the hands of the Churchwardens, the first day of May, Anno Dni, 1612."

Joan Forde by her will dated in 1644, bequeathed £100 to purchase land for the use of the poor of Winslow; nothing is definitely known respecting this bequest, but probably it was swallowed up at the general Enclosure of the Parish in 1766.

In 1722, Mrs. Sarah Egerton gave two houses to the poor of Winslow. In the Parliamentary Returns of 1780, these houses are mentioned as producing £5 a year, but it is not stated for whose benefit the money was applied. An account of certain outgoings payable in respect of these houses, appears by the Churchwardens Books to have been allowed to the tenants out of their rents, and it frequently happened that the repairs exceeded the rent. These cottages would seem to have been situate in the Buckingham Road, and with other parish property were sold about the time the New Poor Law came into operation. Mrs. Egerton is also stated to have left the annual sum of 20s. to the poor parishioners of Winslow.

In 1772, Joseph Rogers, carrier [=currier], bequeathed the sum of £600, to be laid out in the purchase of land, the yearly rents and profits thereof to be expended in educating and instructing such a number of poor people's children belonging to the parish of Winslow, as his trustees would find the same would answer. The property now consists of a house, outbuildings, and 23 acres of land, in the parishes of Great and Little Kimble. According to a return made to the Charity Commissioners in 1884, the net income of this charity after deducting necessary expenses was £42, with which sum twenty children are educated in the Public Elementary Schools.

It appears by the parliamentary returns of 1786, that money producing £2 8 0 per annum, was given by a former Lord of the Manor, to the poor of Winslow, and was then vested in William Lowndes, Esq.

William Packer of London gave in the year 1814, the sum of £100 in the three per cents, the interest to be distributed to the poor of Winslow in bread, annually on the Sunday after July 5th.

In 1815, Edmund Cox bequeathed £300, the interest thereof to be applied in the purchase of "good wheaten bread," to be twice every year distributed among all the necessitous poor for the time being" residing in the parish of Winslow.

The Parliamentary Returns of 1827, state that two houses in Winslow, one occupied by J. Lomath, the other by S. Yeates, were built on leasehold land the property of the Parish Officers. The ground on which the latter house stands, appears by a recital in an assignment of the lease of it, to have been let in 1700, by certain persons, with the consent of the Lord of the Manor of "Winslow cum Membris," and of principal parishioners of Winslow, for 200 years on a building lease. The draft indenture of assignment was produced to the Commissioners of Charities by Mr. Willis, who stated that there was a similar draft relating to the other house. These Houses, situate in the Market Square, are now held by Mr. C. Wilford and Mr. W.H. Stevens.

In an inventory of the goods of all kinds belonging to the Parish Church of Winslow, A.D., 1757, is the following- "Two Church Houses situate by the south gate of the Churchyard, one of them in the occupation of William Dudley, of the yearly rent of Four Pounds, and the other in the occupation of William Firth, of the yearly rent of Two Pounds. The Churchwardens paying all manner of Taxes." These Houses were burnt down about 60 years ago.

In 1843, Miss Bridget Yeates gave a house adjoining the Churchyard, for the use of the Infant School, and in 1843 her executors purchased the following three per cent annuities,-£166 13 4 for the use of the Infant School, £166 13 4 for coals and wood for the Poor, £166 13 4 in aid of the Church Sunday School, and £50 to provide books for the Sunday School, the dividends whereof to be applied annually.

From these facts it would appear that the site upon which the Infant School now stands was formerly parish property, and after having been sold away for many years has now returned, by bequest and purchase, to parochial use.


A full list of recipients of the Winslow Charities for 1897 was printed, containing about 200 names. Click on the image for the full document: List of recipients of Winslow Charities 1897

See also:

Copyright 8 November, 2017