Congregational Church / Independent Chapel

In 1816, the small group of Congregationalists in Winslow purchased a barn on Horn Street to use for religious worship. It was fitted out as a chapel, capable of seating 250 people. In 1829, the Congregationalists bought further land nearby to extend the barn with the intention of rebuilding their chapel and adding a vestry and schoolroom.

A transcription of the Congregational registers, with lists of members and abstracts of some minutes, is now available from the Eureka Partnership.

Arthur Clear: A Thousand Years of Winslow Life (1888), p.19

On Wednesday, April 10th, 1816, a building which was originally a barn, situate in Great Horn Street, having been purchased of Mr. Edmund Cox, and considerably altered, was opened as an Independent Chapel. It is described as being a neat chapel, capable of holding about 250 persons and costing £300. For some time previous to this, the Independents had been granted the use of the Baptist Chapel on alternate Sundays; but their growing numbers necessitated, a larger building and more frequent services. It would seem that even in. those days our Independent friends were rather aspiring, for this "neat building" did not long suffice, it being pulled down, and replaced by a more pretentious structure in 1829, of which the following account is given in the Evangelical Magazine of 1830 - "A neat and commodious new Independent Chapel, with School-room and Vestry, capable of containing upwards of 300 persons, was opened for Divine Service at Winslow, on Tuesday, May 4th, 1830. The Chapel is vested in trustees, and built upon the most economical plan, the cost being about £600, of which £400 has already been raised."


Pastors of the Congregational Church


To the Editor of the Buckingham Advertiser and North Bucks Free Press (27 April 1895)
SIR, -  In reminiscences of the Old Baptist Meeting House, Winslow, by Mr Matthews, he says, "About the year 1816,  the Independents fitted up a Chapel for themselves, &c."  The below confirms what he says, and will interest many of your readers.  I take it from the Evangelical Magazine, 1816, page 317.
Yours,
EDWARD FRANCIS.
Stow-on-the-Wold,
April 23rd, 1895.
__________
April 10th.  A neat chapel capable of seating 250 persons was opened at Winslow, Bucks.  In the morning, Mr Harrison, of Wooburn, preached on psalm, 89, 15, 16; in the afternoon, Mr Aston, of Buckingham, from Haggai, 2, 9; and in the evening Mr Bull, of Newport Pagnell, from psalm, 118, 25.  In the spring, of last year, a plan was carried into effect by two individuals of the Rev. D. Aston's congregation, here resident, for introducing the gospel into their town; and the students from Mr Bull's academy were procured every other Sabbath.  The place in which they preached being much too small for the congregation.  This building has been purchased, and fitted up at the expense of £300; of which £100 has been raised, and the religious public must be appealed to for the remainder.       


The Autobiography of Joseph Mayett of Quainton 1783-1839, ed. Ann Kussmaul (Bucks Record Society vol.23), p.75

In the month of April 1822 my youngest brother [Thomas Mayett] returned home again and he had been in the habit of attending the independant Meeting in Winslow and had been regularly to the ordinance with them
[The Mayetts were Baptists at Quainton, but General rather than Particular, which is presumably why Thomas didn't join the Winslow Baptists.]


This announcement presumably refers to the Congregational Chapel. The Act which it mentions was the Places of Religious Worship Act 1812.

Northampton Mercury, 5 July 1828
WHEREAS I, the Undersigned, JOSEPH PURSELL, of the Town of BUCKINGHAM, Tailor, did, on SUNDAY the 25th Day of May last, disturb by indecent and improper Behaviour the Rev. E. Adey, and the Congregation assembled for Divine Worship in the Dissenting Chapel at Winslow, whereby I have, by an Act passed in the 52d Year of the late King, incurred a Penalty of £40, or Imprisonment until the same be paid.  The Prosecutor, with the Consent of the Magistrate, having kindly agreed to drop the Prosecution on Condition of my making this public Confession and Apology, and of my contributing a certain Sum to be disposed of to charitable Purposes, I do therefore most humbly beg Pardon of the said Rev. E. Adey and the Congregation whom I so grossly insulted, and do faithfully Promise not to be guilty of a like Offence.
JOS. PURSELL.
1st July, 1828.

The first Congregational Chapel The photo shows the 1829 Congregational Chapel before the rebuilding of 1884

26 October 1829: Centre for Bucks Studies D 82/4/498

Surrender: George Hawley of Winslow grocer and tallow chandler and Hannah his wife and
James Todd of Winslow cabinet maker
Admission: Rev Thomas Palmer Bull of Newport Pagnell
Rev Enoch Barling of Buckingham
Thomas Lomath of Winslow cordwainer

18

So much and such part and parts of the yard and Garden adjoining and belonging to a Messuage or Tenement situate standing and being in a certain Street called Great Horn Street in Winslow aforesaid lately occupied by William Bailey and since converted into two tenements now in the occupation of the said William Bailey and John Lomath as will be required to enable the Trustees of the Independent Chapel in Winslow aforesaid to enlarge the said Chapel and the ground thereunto belonging according to certain plans lately agreed upon and intended forthwith to be carried into effect, the Wall of such new Chapel or of the Vestry Room thereto belonging to be considered as the Boundary or the Premises intended to be hereby surrendered on one side thereof such wall to be built 37 feet in length in a straight line from the street at a sufficient distance from the said tenement occupied by the said John Lomath so as to leave not less than 4 feet of ground in width between such wall and the chimney of the said last mentioned tenement and the back wall of the Vestry Room (which is to be erected in a direct line from the back Corner of the first mentioned Wall being agreed upon as part of the Boundary of the said premises intended to be hereby surrendered on the other side thereof from the Corner of which said Vestry Room to the Malting of William Bowler a boarded fence is to be put up at the expense of the said Trustees for the purpose of completing the division of the said premises intended to be hereby surrendered from the premises reserved by the said George Hawley and James Todd such boarded fence to be continued in a straight line from the Corner of the Vestry Room so as to leave for the said George Hawley and James Todd their heirs and assigns a piece of ground between such fence and the garden occupied by Robert Bowden of equal width with the piece of Ground which will after the erection of the said New Chapel according to the Restrictions aforesaid be left between such Garden and the back wall of the Vestry Room And also full and free right of ingress egress and regress way and passage into through and over the ground reserved by the said George Hawley and James Todd to and from a door intended to open into the said New Chapel on the side nearest the said Tenement in the occupation of the said John Lomath and likewise to and from a door or gate intended to open into the premises hereby surrendered on the side nearest the garden occupied by the said Robert Bowden at or near the extremity of the proposed new Vestry Room to which said premises or Tenement ... the said George Hawley and James Todd were admitted 27 October 1823 on the surrender of John Nicholls.


Baptist Magazine 1830, 347
WINSLOW BUCKS A neat and commodious New Independent Chapel with school room and vestry capable of containing upwards of 500 persons was opened for divine worship at Winslow Bucks on Tuesday May 4th 1830. The Rev DW Aston of Buckingham read the Scriptures and prayed, the Rev Andrew Reed of London preached from Luke ix 56 and the Rev E Barling of Buckingham offered the concluding prayer of the morning service. In the afternoon the Rev W Gunn of Aylesbury read and prayed, the Rev James Davies of Totteridge preached from 1 Tim i 15, the Rev E Adey of Leighton concluded by prayer. In the evening the Rev Peter Tyler of Haddenham read the Scriptures and prayed, the Rev Thomas P Ball of Newport Pagnell preached from Heb iv 12, the Rev W Ratcliff of Marsh Gibbon offered the concluding prayer. Messrs Spencer, Madgin and Boaz students of Newport Academy gave out the hymns The chapel is vested in trustees and built upon the most economical plan, the cost being about £600 of which 400 has already been raised. In the year 1816 a barn was purchased and fitted up for worship; it became necessary to take down this frail building and on its site the present chapel and schoolroom are erected. The Rev J Denton formerly of Mill Wall Poplar has accepted an invitation to occupy this department of the Lord's vineyard and has entered upon his labours with pleasing prospects of usefulness

Rev. Joseph Denton, who was minister from 1830, died in 1840.

Banbury Guardian, 7 Oct 1847
TEA MEETING.  On Monday afternoon, September the 27th, the members and friends of the Independent Chapel in this town held a tea meeting in the school room, previous to the departure of their minister, the Rev. George Hinde;  from the scene of his pastoral labourers amongst them, which has been a period of seven years.  The flock of the Rev. gentleman, are at present left upon the mountains, destitute of a spiritual guide, to direct them in their devious course. The financial state of the church, moreover, indicates an ebbing tide.

Rev. T.B. (Thomas) Attenborough was installed as minister in 1848.

Religious Census, 1851: there was capacity for 290 and an evening attendance of 260.

Oxford Chronicle, 4 Oct 1856
The Rev. T. B. Attenborough, dissenting minister, concluded his ministerial labours in this town on Sunday last, selecting for his text on the occasion – “Finally, brethren, farewell,” which was attended by a large congregation.  He has been eight years and a half in this his first sphere of usefulness.  A subscription list is in course of circulation amongst the members of his late church and congregation, for the purpose of presenting him with a testimonial of their esteem.  The vicar of the parish, the Rev. W. W. McCreight, manifested his christian liberality and catholic spirit by placing his name for 2 guineas, D. T. Willis, Esq., £1, and many others, members of the Church of England, showed a like respect.  In short, it is rare to find a minister resigning his trust where a feeling of such almost universal respect prevails, as in the retirement of the Rev. T. B. Attenborough, from the field of his labours at Winslow.

Oxford Chronicle, 21 March 1857
  A majority of the members and congregation of the Dissenting Church, Winslow, have formally invited the Re. J. Fog, of Easington-lane, near Durham, to become their future pastor, and which has been duly accepted by the latter, whose reply was read publicly to the congregation on Sunday last, by the officiating minister, at the instance of Mr. J. L. French, the junior deacon.  The choice, however, is adverse to the wishes of an influential minority, and may, it is feared, somewhat shake the integrity and prosperity of the dissenting cause in that place.
               Debating long, in conclave met,
                  At last they onward jog,
               Divide,---and then, with sore regret,
                  They settle in a Fog.

Bucks Chronicle, 19 May 1858
  AMERICAN SLAVERY.- On Wednesday evening last, Mr. William Craft, an escaped slave from Macon, in the state of Georgia, gave a lecture in the Independent Chapel, at this place (which was very kindly offered him for the occasion), on American slavery, and his own and wife’s escape therefrom.  The lecturer gave a very accurate and sober account of slavery and its taskmasters; also a vivid account of the incidents attending his own escape, some of which, though serious enough to him at that time, created a little harmless mirth from the audience, which was large.  A collection was made at the close of the lecture, amounting to £2: 5—the object being to purchase the freedom of his sister, who is still in slavery.  Mr. Joshua Lewin French occupied the chair.

Buckingham Advertiser, 6 July 1859
DEAR SIR, - Will you permit me through you to lay before the Public a few facts connected with the Sunday School at Winslow.
The present room is uncomfortably crowded every Lord’s Day.  The teachers are reluctantly compelled to refuse applications for admission.  They wish to enlarge their borders, and would do so immediately if they had the means.
To raise the School Room another story, with fittings, &c., would cost near £90.  We cannot raise this sum amongst ourselves; - to others we look for help. Perhaps some of your readers, the friends of Sunday Schools, would, by a donation, strengthen the hands that are weak.
Yours truly,
            JOHN FOGG.

Buckingham Advertiser, 6 April 1861
To the Editor of the Buckingham Advertiser.
  SIR,- Is Christianity ever to be the scoff of the world because of the failings of its teachers and professors?  Yet, even in this our Christian land, there are persons and places which give too much reason for these scoffings.
  At Winslow, in the Independent Chapel, on Sunday morning last there were five persons in the chapel, and the Sunday scholars with some of the teachers, in the gallery!
  Can it be that the minister believes he is doing God service (when such a state of things exists) by remaining in a place where he is doing harm rather than good, by putting a stumbling-block in the way, and causing the religion of Jesus to be evil spoken of.
  I should not thus write, if the people of this place of worship had not in a manner becoming Christians, urged and offered inducements for the person who now holds possession of the pulpit to resign, as they no longer wish him to minister to them in holy things.
  In former times, a goodly number of persons attended to hear the Word of God in this place; and I believe, even now, this House of God might again be filled, if an earnest-minded man - a true follower of the lowly Jesus - were to come amongst this people; but that is impossible until the present minister resigns; so that lamentable as the fact is, nevertheless, it is true,- that the people are wandering hither and thither as a flock having no shepherd.              
                                                           I am yours truly,
                                                                           A HEARER.

Bicester Herald, 27 Sep 1861
  WIINSLOW CONGREGATIONAL CHAPEL.- The gentleman who for so long a time has held the pulpit in this place of worship, against the will of the people constituting the church, has at last surrendered.  The Church [i.e. Church of England] people, it is said, sympathising with the gentleman, had just completed a good subscription on his behalf when he resigned.  We understand that the Independents, in demonstration of their thankfulness, have opened a subscription list too, and have already outstripped their Episcopalian friends in their liberality.  It is only just to this people to say, what they have now done, they were willing to do six months ago, and to a greater extent.  Doubtless there will be a speedy return to, and a happy in-gathering, within this House of God, of those whose fathers worshipped there!  May God direct and defend his people, and they learn to value more their religious privileges, and watch over them with prayerful anxiety. – Winslow Telegraph.

Bucks Herald, 30 Jan 1864
  CONGREGATIONAL CHAPEL.- A very large gathering of the members and friends took place in the Chapel and School-room on Tuesday, the 26th inst., to commemorate the induction of the Rev. W. S. Rae to the ministry of this place of worship.  About 160 partook of tea, which was provided on the occasion, when a purse, containing £5 5s., subscribed by the young people belonging to the chapel, was presented to the new pastor, as a New Year’s gift, by Mr. George D. E. Wigley, who delivered a short address on presenting the same, which was briefly acknowledged by the rev. gentleman in appropriate terms.

Mr Rae was "called to the pastorship" at Dartmouth in 1867.

Buckingham Advertiser, 23 Sep 1882
CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH JUBILEE. – On Tuesday Sept 19th, services were held in celebration of the jubilee of the above place of worship, and as it had been announced from the pulpit, that a statement would be made respecting the new chapel, considerable interest was manifested in the proceedings.  William Johnson, Esq., Mayor of Banbury, presided.  The meeting was opened with prayer, by the Rev. F. J. Feltham, of Winslow, (Baptist), and after a few appropriate remarks from the chairman, the Rev. J. Riordan, pastor, gave a brief epitome of what had been done in the church during the last 50 years, what they were doing now, and what they hoped to do in the future.  The rev. gentleman stated that the church was first formed there in 1810, the present chapel was built in 1829, and the first pastor was a Mr. Willison who came from Mr. Bull’s College at Newport Pagnell.  Mr. Attenborough and others followed, and the last settled pastor, was a Mr. Wesley Surgeon [=Spurgeon] Rae, of whom the speaker remarked that if he was as good as his name, he must have been a good man indeed.  He left about 15 years ago, since which time they had been without a settled minister, until last year, when he became the pastor.  For some time past, it has been forcibly impressed upon them that it was imperative that a larger and more suitable room must be provided as a Sunday School, as they had 120 children in the school, and doubtless others would attend if they could provide accommodation for them.  At a meeting of the members of the church and congregation, at the beginning of the year, it was proposed that the present chapel should be retained as a schoolroom, and a new Chapel erected.  At that meeting the sum of £350 was promised towards the work.   It was estimated that the new building would cost £1,000 and if they could obtain £350 more then they would commence building.  The chairman said that he was very pleased to be present at that meeting, for he was deeply interested in the cause of Nonconformity.  These were momentous times for the salvation army, and other great religious movements, were stirring the minds of the people, and all non-conformists should take advantage of this for the advancement of their principles.  He hoped that they would succeed in the praiseworthy object which they had in view of building a new chapel, and he should rejoice, if spared to attend at the laying of the foundation stone.  The Revs. H. F. Holmes, of Buckingham, J. D. Davis, of Aylesbury, J. Scott James, of Banbury, W. Faith, of Bicester, and F. J Feltham, of Winslow, also addressed the meeting, which closed with singing the doxology.  Tea was afterwards provided in the Schoolroom, to which about 100 sat down.  In the evening divine service was held in the chapel, and was conducted by the pastor and the Rev. S. Patten, of Thame.  The Rev Henry Simon, of Westminster Chapel, London, had been announced to preach, but was prevented by ill-health, and his place was most ably filled by the Rev. Jno Brown, B.A., of Bunyan Chapel, Bedford, who preached an eloquent sermon from John 12, 24v.  In spite of the extreme inclemency of the evening, there was a large congregation, and the collection at the close on behalf of the Building fund amounted to £8 17s. 2d.

 


In 1884, a new Congregational Church was built at a cost of 2,400. The new church seated 240 people on the ground floor and 80 in the gallery. There was a Sunday School to the right of the entrance and a large class room on the left. Prominent amongst the church's supporters were George Wigley, land agent, Edwin French, printer and Robert Williat Jones of Blake House, farmer. For more on the building and its architect, see Ed Grimsdale's article on Arthur Clear. A drawing and plan were published in Building News, 16 Jan. 1885 (click on the image below for full size). While the church was being built, the congregation met in the Assembly Rooms at The Bell.

Drawing and plan of the Congregational Church

Arthur Clear: A Thousand Years of Winslow Life (1888), pp.20-1

The new Congregational Church was erected in 1884, on the site of the older building, in Horn Street, the design is based on the lines of the smaller old English Country Parish Churches of the 15th century. The prominent feature is the tower, a square and massive erection, 58 feet in height, surmounted by a weather vane, in the upper part of which is a commodious room 17 feet square, lighted by seven windows, and used as a Sunday School Classroom - this is a peculiar feature of the building, the idea being taken from the watchman's tower at Irthlingborough Church, Northants. The building is lighted with gothic windows filled with cathedral toned glass, the principal one in the tower is very handsome - its dimensions being about 16 feet broad by 18 high, said to be a reduced copy of a celebrated one in York Minster. The building is both artistic and comfortable, and is in marked contrast to the plain and often unsightly structures to which Nonconformists in the country have long been accustomed. It is designed to seat 240 persons on the ground floor and 82 in the gallery. The total cost of its erection with the School rooms, being £2,300.

Plaque: stone laid by Mrs Verney

Mrs Verney (later Lady Verney) was an Anglican but her husband was Liberal M.P. for North Bucks. She came back in 1924 for the unveiling of the new organ.

If you compare the site of the church on large-scale maps before (left) and after (right) rebuilding, you can see that it moved slightly westwards. Blue = chapel / church, green = chapel land, red = buildings demolished in the 1880s. No.9 Horn Street was also acquired by the Congregationalists and used as the Manse.

Map showwing the chapel before and after rebuilding

Buckingham Advertiser, 24 Jan 1885

OPENING OF THE NEW CONGREGATIONAL
CHURCH AND SABBATH SCHOOLS.

The Rev. J. Riordan (pastor) and the Church and congregation of Winslow, are to be congratulated upon the success of their effort in the erection of a handsome sanctuary and new Sabbath Schools.  This has not been accomplished without anxious thought, work, and liberal assistance, and it was highly gratifying to witness the large assemblage of friends from far and near to rejoice with the Church at Winslow, in their opening services on Tuesday, January 20th.   The new buildings are erected on the site of the old chapel, the area having been somewhat extended.  A square central tower contains the principal entrance, with the Sunday schoolroom to the right, and a large class-room to the left.  The lobby space though ample is very compact and economical, and gives a direct access to all parts of the building.  The church itself is beyond the tower, and will seat 240 persons on the ground floor and 82 in the gallery, giving a total of 322 seats.  It is of moderate height, with open timbered roof, thus ensuring comfort and also good acoustic properties, and the gallery is lofty and well ventilated, presenting a pleasant contrast to the necessarily stuffy and contracted character galleries usually possess, if confined within the low main roof of the church.  The whole characteristics of the style of the edifice are ample window lighting, and in the smaller examples a broad simple effect to which the massive square tower gives an added charm.  The idea of the tower was suggested to Mr. Sulman by the watchman’s room in the old tower of Irthlingborough church, in Northhants., and in the upper stage is provided an additional class-room 17 feet square (with an open fire place), and with access by a stone stair-case.  The pulpit platform is central, with a vestry to the rear, and on this day some choice greenhouse plants were placed on either side of the communion table.  The organ is placed in a chamber on the south side, and in connection with the choir.  The glazing is very attractive, being of ornamental lead lights, and the lobby screen and porch are framed in wood, and also glazed.  The edifice is heated by Gill stoves, and the ventilation throughout is in the most improved style.  The school will seat 100 adults, and the class-room 42, giving a total of 142.  The usual entrance to the school is at the south end, but there is also a connection with the front porch and gallery.  Every inch of ground has been utilised, as shown by the fact that under the gallery staircase is placed a small boiler for tea meetings, and here also fuel is stored.  The building is triangular in shape, and being somewhat limited in area, none of the ordinary ground plans were suitable;  but this difficulty has, however, been overcome by the architect, who has produced a novel, and at the same time, compact building, which it is believed will possess several advantages over those usually adopted, the result being a design based upon the lines of the smaller Old English country parish churches of the 15th century, – perhaps the greatest Church building period (in respect of proportion to the population,) our country has experienced, for it was then that the people as distinguished from the monastic orders, most fully made their influence felt, and built Churches for themselves, and to suit their own requirements.  The entire cost has been about £2,600, of which about £1,000 remains to be cleared off.  The buildings are from the designs of Mr. John Sulman, F.R.I., B.A.; architect, of 1, Furnival’s Inn, Holborn, K.C., the builders being Messrs. Yirell and Edwards, of Leighton Buzzard.

  … Mr. Sylvanus Jones desired to say a few words, and said he almost recollected the old place being pulled down, in fact he recollected the early erection of its successor.  And now they had this grand edifice, the outcome of hard work and kind liberality, and he was glad to notice that they had present that day representatives from the four Counties of Bedford, Cambridge, Oxford and Buckingham. (Applause.)  They might look where they would but would fail to find four better counties – (applause) – and the reporters present could bear him out that Winslow was becoming familiar to them, - (laughter) – and through the Press becoming renowned for its religious
characteristics and progress.  (Applause).  He then referred to associations, including his friendly knowledge of the Rev. Jos. Ball and Mr. Morgan, and passed on to his love of independent worship, and thought that it was as well occasionally to see and hear how the other denominations, politically and religiously, were progressing.

– The Pastor then called upon W. H. French, Esq., J.P., of Buckingham, to say a word about the work of Congregationalism in the past.  – Mr. French said their respected Chairman and pastor of the Church and congregation had sent him a slip of paper hoping that he would say something about Congregationalism at Winslow.  (Applause).  Well he thought that meeting that day was a pretty fair specimen and testimony of the Congregationalism of Winslow, for he expected there was not one in that large, respectable and nice assembly who had come there without goodwill towards the good work being done there.  (Applause)  However to him at his time of life retrospect was rather the thing.  He was at the opening of the first Chapel at Winslow, that was dedicated to independent members, in the year 1816.  He had not reached his ‘teens then; but came to school at Winslow, and he attended the opening of the little Chapel, which was a barn converted into a chapel, and in which the old beams had been nearly encased with deal.  He was very sorry he could not give them the name of the preacher, but as he was then only 9 years of age they knew that boys were not to apt to remember the preacher’s name as other matters connected with the opening.  But he often attended the chapel, and recollected the name of Wilson, and also more distinctly the honoured name of Jones.  And now they had this beautiful building and he was reminded of the words over the head chair, “The gold is Mine, and the silver is Mine”; but how often they considered the gold and silver in their pockets was their own, and they forgot to deal liberally with such objects as this.  Here they had it appeared exceeded their income, and desired pecuniary aid to wipe off the debt, and he trusted that the amount of money which would be collected that day would make a considerable impress upon the debt incurred;  but he implored them not to get into mortgages.  (Applause.)

.. The Pastor the called upon Mr. Jas. and Mr. John Morgan, of Cambridge, to say a few words. – Mr. James Morgan said he was glad to stand before them as the eldest son of the eldest member of that Christian Church, and apologised for the absence of his aged mother from their gathering that day.  He said there was a legend in their family to the effect that his grandfather carried him up the ladder and placed him upon the top stone of the old chapel, in the year 1829.  During his 25 years’ residence at Cambridge, he had taken an active interest in the cause of Congregationalism, especially Sunday school work;  and in seven weeks they were about to hold the opening service of a new chapel they had erected. – Mr. John Morgan also spoke, and said the name of Winslow was associated to his memory with the most tender ties.  He congratulated pastor and people on the good work done at Winslow.

..  Mr. Geo. D. E. Wigley then rose and said as Chairman of the Building Committee, the pleasure had been afforded him of proposing the next toast, and he wished on behalf of the Building Committee to pay the highest  possible tribute of praise to Mr. Sulman, of Holborn, for the exceedingly great ability and the transcendant beauty which he had by inborn talent of mind and brain produced in that fine building.  (Applause.) He had had to do with various architects in his time, but he thought he could truly say that he never met with a more conscientious one.  And he was pleased to add that the general opinion the building had met with, was of wide-spread approval.  (Applause.) He heard that architects from different parts of the country had spoken of it as perfection on the old lines and true characteristics of gothic architecture.  (Applause.)

.. Mr. Sulman said he was gratified in being present, and referred to the kindness of the Building Committee.  The ground was very awkward, and the first plan he sent down required more ground than appeared to be at their disposal, and he took the hint of the Chairman of the Committee that he must make the best of the ground as it was, and consequently he had to depart from the usual lines, and make designs of an entirely new and original character.  When travelling through the country on a juvenile architect’s tour, he was struck with the attractiveness of the watchman’s tower at Irthlingborough parish church, which he sketched, and it was greatly admired, but he had failed to utilise the value of the sketch till placed in the difficulty as to room at Winslow, and in this tower they now possessed a good class-room.  Speaking as a Non-comformist, he did not see why the Established Church should claim superiority over the Non-comformists in style of architecture - (applause) – and so long as he had the opportunity he should do all he could to raise up in the country edifices worthy their name, and he hoped the form would be followed up by each successive age.  (Applause.) – He desired to say a word in favour of Mr. Walker, clerk of the works, and also to Messrs. Yirrell and Edmonds, the builders. (Applause.)

– Mr. Clear said, as secretary, he had pleasure in saying a word for the admirable way in which the ideas of the architect had been carried out.  The whole work had been a labour of love to all concerned.  When the tender had been accepted they were glad to hear that the builders were Congregationalists – (applause) – and what was more, the men in their employ were Non-comformists, and when it came to the decorator he also was a staunch Independent – (applause) – and it was discovered that Mr. Purser had filled the pulpit in the old chapel on several occasions. –

At 3 o’clock service was held in the Church, which was well filled, and extra seats had to be placed.

At 4.30 a public tea was held in the Schoolroom, and owing to the large influx of friends from the neighbourhood during the afternoon, the Schoolroom was found to be totally inadequate to seat the company, and consequently arrangements were made for a second party, and thus the repast was thoroughly enjoyed by the large company, which must have numbered about 300.

Evening service was held in the Church, at 6.30, when the sacred edifice was again densely packed.


CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH AND SCHOOLS, WINSLOW, BUCKS.

AFTER many years of patient waiting and enduring the greatest inconvenience, especially as regards School Accommodation, the Congregationalists of Winslow have at last decided to make a vigorous effort to erect a New Church and Schools, and they earnestly appeal to the generosity of every one interested in the spread of Evangelical Truth in the Rural Districts, to aid them with their contributions.

They submit the following facts - the means of the Congregation are extremely limited, yet their promised subscriptions amount to 800. The total estimated cost, including the site, is 2,000. The Chapel Building Society have approved the work, but can only help by a loan of 200 without interest, thus necessitating 1,200 to be raised

The design of the Building is of the Early 15th Century Gothic. The Tower comprises - on the ground floor the entrance lobbies, in the central part an ample and well ventilated gallery, and the upper a commodious class-room, right and left of the Tower are the New Schools and Classroom, with the Church in the rear. The characteristics of the whole, are ample window lighting, every part of the Building utilised, and nothing built for mere show or effect.

Subscriptions may be sent to either of the undersigned, or can be paid to the account of "The Congregational Church & Schools" at the Bucks and Oxon Union Bank, Winslow.

If preferred, Contributors can specially allot their Donations to the New Church or the Schools.
JOHN RIORDAN, Pastor.
FERDINAND LOFFLER, Treasurer
ARTHUR CLEAR, Secretary.
THE DEACONS.

WINSLOW CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH
Treasurers Balance Sheet up to October 1st, 1885.

Cr.
See
£ s d
£ s d
Published By amount of Donations from Members of the Congregation only
830 3 11
Subscription By donations outside Congregation over £1
114 13 3
List. By donations under £1
1 1 0
Receipts from various sources, viz-
Jubilee Service
6 19 2
Stone-laying
62 10 7 ½
Sale of Luncheon Tickets
5 5 0
Net proceeds of Bazaar
120 10 6
Organ Fund
2 5 10
Sunday School Collecting Boxes
4 16 0 ½
Opening Services
35 14 0
Subsequent Collections
21 5 10 ½
Temperance Entertainment and Service of Song
4 0 0
263 7 0
Balance in Debt
1229 10 6
2438 15 8
Audited and found correct—
ARTHUR STEAD MIDGLEY.
ARTHUR JOSEPH CLEAR.
Dr.
£ s d
£ s d
TO LAW COSTS:
To Mr. Henry Small, Costs of Enfranchisement of Copyholds and Bill of Costs
84 0 3
To Messrs W. B. & W. R. Bull, their Bill of Costs for preparing Trust Deeds and obtaining Mortgage
51 11 0
To "Star" Insurance Co. Fees on Mortgage for £900
5 5 0

140 16 3

TO COSTS OF SITE:
To Liberator Building Society, balance of Mortgage on old Cottages
119 4 2
To Mr. W. H. French, Purchase Money of Barns and Premises
30 0 0
To Mr. Geo. Dunkley ditto ditto
100 0 0
249 4 2
TO COST OF NEW BUILDINGS:
To Messrs Yirrell and Edwards amount of Contract and all extras
1838 13 1
TO ARCHITECTS CHARGES:
To Mr. Sulman, his Bill of Charges
107 0 6
TO SUNDRIES:
To Mr. Walker, Bill for pulling down old Buildings and Cottages and putting up Gates, Fence and other Work
32 8 0
Messrs Loffler for sundry Furniture
13 4 4
School-room Seats
12 3 3
Secretary's Incidentals

2 1 4

Bucks and Oxon Bank Interest
13 6 9
To Sundry Payments by Cheque
29 18 0
103 1 0
£2438 15 8


Colour photo of the Congregational Church
The Congregational Church around the time of its closure in 1989

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Copyright 28 June, 2020